Cognitive Learning in Late Adulthood is generally considered to begin at about age 65. Late Adulthood is the period in an individual’s life beginning at ages sixty or seventy and ending at death. This life period, like any other, is one of continuing change and adjustment both in the physical and the psychological realms. Many older people are engaged and happy in a variety of activities. Gerontology, an interdisciplinary field that studies the process of aging and the aging population, involves psychology, biology, sociology, and other fields. Ageism may be defined as prejudice or discrimination that occurs on the basis of age.
Cognitive Learning is a general loss cognitively as people move closer to the end of life. The Study of Cognitive Science Used in the older population is complex. Some research believes that age-related decrease in working memory is the crucial factor underlying poorer performance by the elderly on cognitive learning.
Selective Optimisation with compensation is one means of making the best use of their cognitive learning skills. They select personally valued activities and narrow their goals so as to optimize or maximize returns from their energy. They find the means to compensate for losses.
Factor-related to Cognitive Learning
Mentally active people are likely to maintain their cognitive learning abilities into advanced old age. Retirement can bring about changes in cognitive changes in cognitive learning abilities depending on how those years are used. The terminal decline is a steady, marked decrease in cognitive functioning prior to death.
Late adulthood is taking in information more slowly, can’t inhibit irrelevant information and retrieve important information from long-term memory. So many failure increases. Slower processing speed which implies there will be less retained from current activities. They also forget the context, which helps us recall information.
Deliberate vs. automatic memory
Implicit memory is memory without conscious awareness. Automatic memory is more intact than deliberate memory, trying to recall information.
Associate memory deficit is a problem creating and retrieving links between pieces of information. This is more common for elders.
- Remote memory is a very long long-term recall.
- Autobiographical memory is a memory for your own personally experienced events. Seniors best recall their early adulthood and adolescence experiences better than later life experiences. There was a lot of novelty in those times, as well as life choices being made- spouses, jobs, educational choices. These experiences were more emotionally charged, so they are remembered better. They become part of a person’s life story and are remembered often.
- Prospective memory is based on cognitive learning of remembering to do planned activities in the future. There are more forgetfulness and absentmindedness as people age. They tend to do better on event-based memory tasks than time-based memory