Cognitive Psychology changes in Middle Adulthood
Middle Adulthood is the period in which individual changes in their cognitive psychology functioning as concerned to their intelligence: crystallized and fluid; information processing and memory; expertise; career, work and leisure; religion, health and coping; and meaning in life.
Cognitive learning is multidirectional. It gains in some area and losses in others. Cognitive psychology abilities are more likely to increase than decrease, with the exception of arithmetic skills, which begin to shift slightly downwards by age 40.
Fluid Intelligence refers to our ability to see relationships, use abstract reasoning, and analyze information. Crystallized Intelligence refers to our ability to use knowledge, experience, vocabulary, and verbal memory. Fluid Intelligence declines with age, but creative Intelligence continues to grow as we learn more during middle age.
Creative Intelligence is another important adult skill related to intelligence. Like Intelligence, though it is hard to agree with what it is. We know that some kinds of creativity, like writing, peaks during middle adulthood. Creativity and practical Intelligence often combine to create people we call experts in their fields, whether repairing cars, farming, writing, or designing a spacecraft.
It involves the capacity to be flexible and innovative when dealing with new situations. Expertise increases in the middle adulthood years. They tend to use the accumulated experience of their life situations to solve problems. There are more creativity and flexibility in their domain than novices.
They prefer to make their own decisions and plans. They prefer their own judgment to that of others and don’t tend to back down in the face of criticism or disagreement. They are most resourceful when faced with unique circumstances or problems. They show imaginative use of many different words. They show more flexibility in their approach to problems, eager to try new avenues, and not bound to rules or accepted ideas of the way things work. They show originality and do not often come up with off the shelf solutions.