Adolescence can be understood as a phase of transition from a child to an adult. This period generally extends from 12 to 19 years of age, which is broadly categorized into three stages, are Early Adolescence, Middle Adolescence, and Late Adolescence. During adolescence, boys and girls reach adult height and weight. Adolescence is the time for growth spurts and puberty changes in boys and girls occur. An adolescent may grow several inches in several months followed by a period of very slow growth and then have another growth spurt. Puberty happens to all individuals, whether girls or boys. In girls, it starts in early adolescence at the age of 9 to 10 and in boys, it may begin around 12 or 13 years, although there is variation in the age from one person to the other. Girls experience puberty as a sequence of events, but their pubertal changes usually begin before boys of the same age.
Early Adolescence (12-14 years)
Early adolescence is a contradictory phrase. Early adolescence is a phase when the child is not yet mature and at the same time, she is no longer a child. They insist that they have grown up enough to be independent, while parents do not provide them much freedom. This is the time in Early Adolescence finds the drastic changes as a source of irritation.
Early Adolescence is the time all a sudden the world starts looking different. The youngster faces considerable competition. The sheer innocence of friendship is lost. Several new kinds of fantasies beyond the fun fantasy of Tom and Jerry start taking a toll on the mind of the early adolescence. This is the time when individuals need understanding parents. This is the time in early adolescence life when they start thinking about their future.
Middle Adolescence ( 14-17 years)
Early Adolescence is the second puberty phase when a child is on a road to transformation. There are a whole lot of changes that occur, be it, physical, mental, cognitive or sexual. While most of the girls cross their puberty stage, boys are still on the road of maturing physically. It is the time of life when the young individual is most concerned about one’s look, body, and appearance. Middle adolescence after Early Adolescence is the time when the teenagers are developing their unique personality and opinions.
Friends play a pivotal role during this stage of Adolescence life. Young teenagers take care to maintain their identity in the peer group.
Late Adolescence ( 17-19 years)
Late adolescence is closer to adulthood and the youngster develops a firm identity and more stable interests. Soon to be adults they attain greater emotional stability and have a more developed sense of humor. They are able to delay the gratifications of their desires and are able to think ideas through. Late adolescence learns to express their feelings in words, compromise and make independent decisions. Unlike the earlier stages of childhood, late adolescence shows greater concern than Early and Middle Adolescence.
Late Adolescence becomes more self-reliant and takes pride in their work. They start finalizing their thoughts about the role they want to play in their lives and become more concerned about their future.