The distinction between childhood and emerging adulthood varies considerably among cultural and social groups. The personal and social Significance of the passage of years is shaped by the cultural age system. The life stages or periods are marked by certain physical, psychological and social milestones. The life stages are commonly identified as the prenatal stage( from conceptual until birth), infancy (from birth to the end of second year of life), early adulthood (ages three to six years), middle adulthood (six years until puberty), adolescence (start of puberty to adulthood), early adulthood (ages twenty to forty), middle adulthood (ages forty to sixty-five) and late adulthood or old age (sixty-five and older).
3 Stages of Emerging Adulthood
3 stages of emerging adulthood are:
- Early Adulthood
- Middle Adulthood
- Late Adulthood or Old Age
Early Adulthood is the stage of our life between the ages of about 20-40 years old, who are typically vibrant, active and healthy, and are focused on friendship, romance, childbearing, and careers.
It is the first stage fo emerging adulthood in which the body physically changes and is one of the hardest times in our teenage years. In this stage, a person may continue to add a bit of height and weight to her teenage frame. This body continues to undergo significant hormonal changes.
According to Sigmond Freud, adulthood is a time for work and love. Our lives center around our careers and relationships, leaving less time for anything else.
The stage of early adulthood is characterized by new tasks and challenges in life such as establishing financial and emotional independence and entering into a marital relationship. Unemployment and marital discord are two typical crisis conditions during early adulthood.
In Middle adulthood, an important challenge is to develop a genuine concern for the welfare of future generations and to contribute to the world through family and work. Middle adulthood age is between 40-60 years of life. From the period of the twenties and thirties, the individual arrives at middle age in the forties and fifties.
Middle adulthood is characterized by competence, maturity, responsibility, and stability. This is the time when one wants to enjoy the success of the job, satisfaction derived from family and social life. People look forward to the success of their children.
Middle adulthood is the second stage of adulthood in which one of the most noticeable change is the loss of elasticity in the skin, especially in the face. The results in lines and wrinkles that are seen as one of the first signs of aging.
Late adulthood or old age is the period of life in every individual that follows the period of his or her life after he/she turns 65 years of age. Old age consists of ages nearing or surpassing the average life span of human beings, and thus the end of the human life cycle.
People can be considered old because of certain changes in their activities or social roles. Old people have limited regenerative abilities and are more prone to diseases, syndromes, and sickness than other adults.
For example, people can be considered as old when they become grandparents, or when they begin to so less or different work, or when they get to the age of retirement.
This period is marked by the process of growing old, resulting in part from the failure of body cells to function normally or to produce new body cells or replace those that are dead or malfunctioning. This, in turn, results in significant physical, psychological and cognitive changes, like cardiovascular, digestive malfunctioning, depression, and impaired memory functioning and so on.