FlashBulb Memory Psychology Definition | Flashbulb memories are part of human memory. The study of thinking and types of memories is counts under cognitive psychology. Memories is the vivid visualization(Snapshot) of the circumstance and moment in the highly detailed version in which some emotionally arousing, consequential or surprising news heard from the surrounding.
Flashbulb Memory Definition
When we approach the flashbulb memory defintion, these memories are regards as autobiographical memory. The flashbulb memories describes the snapshot of a surprising moment or a really exciting moment in human life. It can touch List of human emotions.
‘Flashbulb’ refers to detail, indiscriminate illumination, surprise in a photograph. There is a psychology of humans that they are highly connected with the memories so they tend to remember the memories but they are poor at remembering facts and figures. So, they tend to forget the details of the exciting and surprising moment.
What is an example of flashbulb memories?
There are few flashbulb memory examples like Psychologist and researcher of cognition believe that flash bulb memory are individual snapshots so they rely on emotions, surprise, personal importance. 26/11 attack, Ratnagiri on Connaught Place, Delhi.
Characteristics of flashbulb Memory Psychology
- Own Effect
- Another effect
- Ongoing activity
Principle Determinants of Flashbulb Memories | Why do Flashbulb memories occur
There are three elements to the answer of why do flashbulb memories occur. These principle determinants are given below.
- High level of surprise
- High level of consequentiality
- Emotional Arousal
Who Discovered Flashbulb Memory? History and Evolution of Flash bulb Memory
Brown and Kulik are the known faces of psychology in the 1980s. Brown and Kulik discovered the term flashbulb memory in the year 1977. They are really good at biological memory. So, they argued about the existence of biological memory followed by a high level of surprise, high level of consequentiality, high level of emotional arousal leads to the development of a new form of memory which is known as Flash bulb memory.
The psychologist also tells that these memories are the permanent memory but these memories are not retrieved from the long term memory.
So, The characteristics of flashbulb memory tell that these memories are little different from conventional memories or ordinary memory.
Characteristics of memories
There are four characteristics of these memories. They are
- Representations are vivid
How do flashbulb memories occur?
These memories occur due to the emotional arousal after hearing the breaking news. The emotional arousal creates a large impact on the mind so strong that these memories remain permanent in our mind after so many years.
What are the examples of flashbulb memories?
Some of the flashbulb memory example in the world are –
- 26/11 Mumbai attack
- Kargil War
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Kennedy Assassination
Is flashbulb memory are accurate?
Flashbulb memory is created through the emotional arousal of news. So, people formed a strong perception regarding the snapshot. But some of the research shows that flashbulb memory can be inaccurate sometimes.
How do we create a flashbulb memory?
Positive events and Negative events both are capable to create flashbulb. When a positive event is occurring we store qualities of the event. Positive events are the central part of our life stories.
Negative events create memories in a way that we perceived snapshots in a more detailed version and people are also reviving to avoid the future occurrence of these events.