As an individual moves towards their late adulthood or old age, there are changes which occur naturally and not due to any disease. These changes include sensory changes, digestion, circulation, and sexuality. The physical changes that occur in the bodies of the individual can be divided into two main categories – external changes and physical changes. These changes are the outward signs of aging and are quite obvious to notice. They consist of fo changes of hair, skin posture, etc. most people’s hair becomes distinctly gray and eventually turns white, and it may also thin out. The skin becomes less elastic, more wrinkled, dry and thin. The wrinkles are formed partly because of the loss of fatty tissue. Before reading this article you can read Early Adulthood and Middle Adulthood Physical Development.
Late Adulthood Physical Development
Functional age is the actual competence and performance a person displays, regardless of chronological age. People age biologically at different rates
Young-old elderly appear physically young for their years.
Old-old elderly appear frail and show signs of decline.
Human receives and process information from the environment through hearing, vision, taste, smell, and touch. With aging, these senses are often diminished and incoming information may be distorted or difficult to understand. As a result, the older person may give up some enjoyable activities or lose contact with friends and family who are important sources of support
Hearing loss affects the late adulthood persons ability to talk easily with others. According to studies, about 30% of people over 60 have a hearing impairment. but about 33% of those 75 to 84, and about half of those over 85 have hearing loss.
For example, older people have trouble hearing higher pitched tones. They also may not be able to make out sounds or words when there is background interference.
3.Changes in Bones and Muscle
Aging adults, especially the very old, are vulnerable to broken bones. In addition, joints stiffen and connecting ligaments between bones lose their elasticity. Hand and foot pain may result.
It is very important to prevent falls. Due to changes in bone mass and strength, falls often result in injury, hospitalization, and continued declines in heath.
The digestive system is very sensitive to emotions. A late adulthood person may experience an upset stomach or lack of appetite when lonely, depressed, or worried. Regular contact with friends and relatives, through visits and telephone calls, can help prevent these problems.
This is due to the change in tissue and muscles and reduced thirst. Regular exercise, such as a daily walk, can prevent constipation. A well-balanced diet that adequate fiber and fluid intake also encourages normal bowel function and minimizes the need for laxatives.
5. Taste and Smell
Some loss in taste sensitivity takes place with aging. However, the loss is minor and does not seem to occur in most people until well after 70. There is also a loss of smell, but this is not served.
Nevertheless, older people often complain that their meals are tasteless or that they no longer like their favorite foods. Most experts feel that these complaints are caused by a sense of loneliness at meals, or an unwillingness or inability to cook. Also, older persons may not buy more enjoyable foods when they have difficulty chewing due to poor dentures or dental problems. or are stretching their food dollars due to a limited budget.