Memory Psychology is the feature of the brain by which we can recall all our past experiences. On the basis of this memory psychology ability, we can take a certain right decision in the future and complete our goals. Memory basically term referred to the mental process involves in storage and retrieval of information. Express and Implicit elements of memory are otherwise called revelatory and non-definitive frameworks. These frameworks include the deliberate expectation of memory recovery and capacity or scarcity in that department.
3 Stage Model of Memory Psychology
There are basically three major types of memory:
- Sensory Memory
- Short-term Memory
- Long Term Memory
1. Sensory Memory
The incoming sensory inputs can be stored for a very brief period of time ranging from 0.25-2 seconds. This is called sensory memory.
2.Short term Memory
Some of these items can further be retained for 20-30 seconds in our short-term storage. Such type of memory comes under the short term memory.
3. Long Term Memory
Some of them are stored for a very long time, days, months, years, or even lifetime. Such type of memory comes under the Long term Memory.
Before reading the further article, you must read about the Information Processing Model of Memory
We have studied these three memories which involve three distinct processes-
Encoding is the process of transformation of the physical stimulus into a form that the human memory system accepts.
Storage refers to the retention of the encoded information. It is the next stage after the encoding process.
Recollecting information from storage is termed as retrieval. It is the last stage after which you will able to collect all the information through memory.
Emotions and Memory
These both term have a totally different meaning in their terms. But they have a correlation in some kind. The memory of sincerely stacked data is intervened by the amygdala. The memory of enthusiastic things is better contrasted with impartial things. We have seen how to compensate for energizes human similarly as animal learning.
Eysenck has characterized feeling as “a mind-boggling state including the uplifted view of an article or circumstance, wide-spread substantial changes, an examination of felt fascination or aversion, and conduct sorted out toward methodology or withdrawal.”
It is a multifaceted process involving physiological, behavioral and expressive reactions as well as subjective experiences. Variation in the respiration rate is an example of physiological reactions. The conduct response incorporates approach-evasion responses while grinning, scowling, etc, are our expressive responses. Feeling dependable has an abstract encounter.
Enthusiastic procedures include enactment of both, the focal and fringe sensory systems. The passionate state gets delineated through face, body, and voice and it further triggers certain mental procedures. As individuals, we associate with nature and for the most part, approached with a suitable enthusiastic reaction. A passionate state can be inspired by neurochemical, sensorimotor, inspirational or subjective variables.